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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or fails to use the insulin that it has effectively.

The good news is that it is curable and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It is also essential to know the symptoms, to determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to use it correctly.

Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it correctly.

The blood sugar levels increase with time in both forms of diabetes. This can lead to issues in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It could also harm the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease, meaning that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This destruction can occur over several months or even years, eventually resulting in the absence of insulin completely.

People suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar levels within the normal range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it can be used as energy.

People suffering from type 2 diabetes need to treat their condition by eating a balanced diet and exercise. They may also have to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.

The signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities and genders. However, women are at a higher risk than men.

Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and loss of vision.

Polydipsia is a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your bloodstream and your kidneys are not able to remove it.

Men with diabetes The signs and symptoms

In diabetes the cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas produces too little insulin.

This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body then attempts to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.

Diabetes patients are often thirsty, and need to drink plenty of fluids.

Men can also experience weight loss as their bodies break down muscle for energy instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.

Diabetes diet

The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a vital aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors for heart disease.

Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole food items, including fruits whole grains, vegetables, beans and low-fat dairy. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).

You might also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks usually contain high levels of sugar and can cause elevated blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within normal levels. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet to help you manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medication, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will work with you to choose the best medicine for your specific needs and preferences.

Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the chance of developing complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.