Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people each year. It is caused when the body is unable to produce enough insulin, or fails to use the insulin that it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It is also crucial to understand the symptoms so you can identify if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or is unable to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and use glucose, also known as sugar. People with type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin or their bodies don’t make it in a proper way.
The blood sugar levels rise over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can cause issues with your feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. This destruction can occur over months or even years until it leads to an absence of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They also need to monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their the insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes your body may not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers have to manage their condition by consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medication to regulate their blood glucose levels.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are at greater risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women who suffer from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in your blood and the kidneys aren’t able filter it out effectively.
Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms
In diabetes the cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This usually happens because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood sugar levels. Your body attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently feel thirsty and need to drink large quantities of fluids, up to four liters daily.
Men can also experience weight loss since their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods of time.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help you manage your blood sugar, control your weight, and reduce risk factors for heart disease.
Your diet should include plenty of whole foods, such as fruits vegetables, whole grains beans, and low-fat dairy. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks usually contain high levels of sugar and can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being adequately controlled with one medicine, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to choose the best medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the chance of developing complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.