Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It happens when the body fails to make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it has effectively.
The good news is that it is curable and treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medication. It is important to know the symptoms, so you can determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting) that impacts the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or are unable to use it in a proper way.
The blood sugar levels rise over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can lead to problems with your feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also damage the arteries in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. The process of destruction can last for several years or even decades until it eventually leads to an inability to produce insulin.
Insulin is needed by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar in a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and follow a healthy diet. They might also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races, ethnic groups, ages, and genders. However women are at a greater risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher likelihood of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood, and your kidneys aren’t equipped to get rid of it correctly.
Men with diabetes The signs and symptoms
In the case of diabetes the cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically because the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This results in high blood sugar levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently have a thirsty feeling and must drink large amounts of fluids. This can be up to four liters daily.
Men can also lose weight because their bodies use muscles for energy instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels are elevated for long periods.
A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help manage blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce risk factors for heart disease.
You should include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are good choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might consider limiting your consumption of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes-related medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medication, you might need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you to select the most appropriate medicine for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.