Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions each year. It happens when the body does not make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can aid in preventing or reducing the development of the disease. It is also essential to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell whether something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting) that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or isn’t able to use it properly.
Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is known as glucose. People with type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it work properly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels become excessively high over time. This can lead to problems in the feet, eyes, and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition which means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. The process of destruction can last for months or even years before eventually resulting in a total lack of insulin.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and eat a balanced diet. They might also need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races as well as ethnic groups and ages as well as genders. Women are at higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more prone to experience complications, including heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women suffering from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in your blood and the kidneys aren’t able filter it out correctly.
Men with diabetes The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body attempts to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty, and they need to drink a lot of fluids.
Men may also experience weight loss because their bodies break down muscle to make energy instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods.
A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage your weight and reduce heart disease risk factors.
Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods, such as fruits, whole grains, vegetables beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may need to limit your consumption of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are usually packed with sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may recommend diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within a normal range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being adequately controlled with one medication, you may require a second medication. Your doctor will work with you to select the most appropriate medicine for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.