Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition which affects millions of people every year. It is caused when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin that it produces effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and avoided or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It’s also important to be aware of the symptoms so you can tell whether something is wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It happens when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or fails to use it properly.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and use glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it correctly.
The blood sugar levels rise as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can lead to problems in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. The destruction can take place over several months or even years until it leads to a complete lack of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their the insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body does not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and eat a balanced diet. They may also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities and genders. However women are at a greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more prone to develop complications, such as heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes) and loss of vision.
One of the first signs of diabetes in women is increased thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood, and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to remove it in a proper manner.
Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a condition in which cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This is usually due to the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body then tries to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty, and they have to drink lots of fluids.
Men may also experience weight loss since their bodies break down muscle for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for extended periods of time.
A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, manage your weight, and lower risk factors for heart disease.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products such as beans, legumes, and beans are excellent choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might be advised to limit your consumption of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks often have plenty of sugar and can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in normal levels. These medications are typically combined with changes to your lifestyle, such as physical activity and diet, to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels are not being adequately controlled with one medicine, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will guide you to pick the best medication to suit your preferences and needs.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.