Covid And Blood Sugar

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition which affects millions of people every year. It occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it’s unable to utilize the insulin it does produce effectively.

The good news is that it can be treated and can be prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It is important to know the symptoms, to determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health condition (long-lasting) that alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.

Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it in a proper way.

The blood sugar levels rise as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can lead to issues with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also damage the arteries in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, meaning that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This process can last for months or even for years and eventually lead to the absence of insulin completely.

Insulin is required by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activities to maintain their blood sugar within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used to create energy.

Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and eat a healthy diet. They also may need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races as well as ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. However, women are at a greater risk than men.

Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and loss of vision.

Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women who suffer from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to filter it out effectively.

Men who suffer from diabetes show signs

Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This is typically because the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.

This causes high blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.

Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty, and they need to drink a lot of fluids.

Men can also experience weight loss since their bodies break down muscle to make energy instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels remain high for extended periods.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diet for diabetes is an important part of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar, manage your weight and reduce the risk of developing heart disease.

Include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are great choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).

You may need to limit your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are typically high in sugar and can cause blood sugar levels to rise.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are often combined with lifestyle changes, such as physical activity and diet, to manage the condition.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled by one medicine another medicine could be added. Your doctor will guide you to determine the most appropriate medicine for your preferences and needs.

Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the chance of developing complications. They also help with weight loss, and are available in tablets and injections.