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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a terribly debilitating disease that affects millions of people each year. It occurs when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or when it’s unable to utilize the insulin it does have effectively.

Exercise, diet and medication can help prevent or delay the onset of the disease. It is also crucial to understand the symptoms so you can tell whether you have a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which alters the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or can’t use it as effectively as it should.

Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, also known as glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies don’t utilize it correctly.

In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels become too high in time. This can lead to issues with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It could also cause damage to blood vessels in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition and means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. The process of destruction can last for months or even years and eventually lead to the total absence of insulin.

People suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They also have to keep track of their blood glucose levels and adjust food, insulin and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used to create energy.

People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition through a healthy diet and exercise. They may also have to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.

Signs of women having diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.

Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to experience complications, like heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.

Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women who suffer from diabetes. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your bloodstream and kidneys are unable to filter it out.

Men with diabetes: Symptoms

Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is usually because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body will then attempt to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.

People suffering from diabetes frequently experience thirst and require to drink large quantities of fluids, up to four liters a day.

Men may also shed weight as their bodies rely on muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels are elevated for long periods.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help manage blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors for heart disease.

Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains beans, and low-fat dairy. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.

You may also be able to reduce the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks usually contain lots of sugar in them and can cause high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor may suggest diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These drugs are often paired with changes to your lifestyle, such as eating habits and physical activity to help manage the condition.

If your blood sugar levels are not well controlled with one medicine, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you determine the most appropriate medicine to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of developing complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.