Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people each year. It happens when the body fails to make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it is treatable and treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It is also crucial to recognize the signs so you can determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or is unable to properly use it.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People with type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t utilize it correctly.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels get excessively high over time. This can lead to problems with your eyes, feet and kidneys. It may also damage your heart arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. The destruction can happen over months or even years before resulting in a complete lack of insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activities to keep their blood sugar in an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 your body isn’t functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it is used as energy.
Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnic groups and ages as well as genders. However women are at a greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women with diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the bloodstream and the kidneys aren’t able get rid of it properly.
Men with diabetes Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition in which cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This is typically because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This results in elevated blood sugar levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty and require to drink lots of fluids.
Men also may lose weight as their bodies make use of muscle for energy rather than fat. This is because their blood sugar levels remain elevated for long periods.
Making a balanced diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar, manage your weight and reduce heart disease risk factors.
You should include whole food items in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are great choices. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You may want to limit your intake of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks usually contain high levels of sugar and can cause elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise to help manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being controlled by one medication, you might need to add a second medication. Your doctor can help you determine the most appropriate medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose COtransporter-2 inhibitors decrease blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.