Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions each year. It is caused because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It is important to be aware of the signs, so you can tell if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body converts food into energy. It happens when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to properly use it.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells absorb and use sugar, which is known as glucose. People with type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin or their bodies don’t utilize it correctly.
The blood sugar levels rise over time in both types of diabetes. This can lead to problems with the eyes, feet, and kidneys. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease and means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. This process can last for many months or even years before resulting in the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes all day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also need to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races and ethnic groups, ages, and genders. However women are at a higher risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to develop complications, such as heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes), and vision loss.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women who suffer from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the bloodstream and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to get rid of it effectively.
Men with symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes is a condition in which cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This usually happens because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty and require to drink a lot of fluids.
Men may also shed weight as their bodies use muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar level remains high for long periods of time.
A healthy diabetes diet is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar, manage your weight, and lower heart disease risk factors.
You should include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are good choices. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may consider limiting your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks usually contain a lot of sugar in them, which can lead to high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being controlled by one medication, you might require a second medication. Your doctor will guide you to select the right medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.