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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness that is affecting millions of people each year. It is caused when the body fails to produce enough insulin or use the insulin that it produces effectively.

The good news is that it can be treated and can be prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It is also crucial to know the symptoms, so you can determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It happens when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or isn’t able to use it properly.

Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and use glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies cannot use it in a proper way.

In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels are too high in time. This can lead to problems with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It may also damage your brain and heart arteries.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. The destruction can happen over months or even for years and eventually lead to the absence of insulin completely.

Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust the levels of insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used for energy.

People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition through a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medication to manage their blood glucose levels.

Signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races and ethnic groups, ages, and genders. However, women are at a higher risk than men.

Women with diabetes are at a greater risk likelihood of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and vision loss.

Polydipsia is a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your blood, and your kidneys cannot remove it.

Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms

Diabetes is a condition where cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is typically because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

This can result in high blood glucose levels. The body then attempts to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.

People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and they have to drink lots of fluids.

Men may also lose weight as their bodies utilize muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.

Diabetes diet

Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar, control your weight, and reduce risk factors for heart disease.

Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole food items, including fruits vegetables, whole grains as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.

You may be advised to limit your consumption of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are usually packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within a normal range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet to help you manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medicine, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to pick the most appropriate medicine for your specific needs and preferences.

Newer medications such as glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, provide cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.