Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people each year. It happens when the body fails to produce enough insulin or cannot make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It’s important to be aware of symptoms so you can tell whether something is wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas stops producing enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or aren’t able to utilize it properly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels are too high in time. This can cause issues with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. This process can last for months or even years before resulting in the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar levels within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used for energy.
People with type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also have to take medications to control their blood glucose levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races and ethnicities, ages, and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.
Women with diabetes are at a greater risk chance of developing complications compared to men, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and kidneys can’t remove it.
Men with diabetes The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is typically because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This results in high blood sugar levels. Your body attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty and require to drink a lot of fluids.
Men can also shed weight as their bodies make use of muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar level remains high for extended periods of time.
Making a balanced diabetes diet is an important part of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease risk factors for heart disease.
Your diet should include plenty of whole foods like fruits whole grains, vegetables beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may also want to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks typically contain high levels of sugar and can cause elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled on one medicine, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will work with you to choose the most appropriate medication for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and they are available in tablets and injections.