Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people each year. It occurs when the body does not make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it is curable and prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It is also crucial to know the symptoms, so you can identify if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or fails to use it properly.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is known as glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies don’t utilize it correctly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels get too high over time. This can cause issues with the eyes, feet and kidneys. It could also cause damage to coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. This process can last for months or even for years before resulting in an absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar in the normal range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body isn’t using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races as well as ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. Women are more at risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience complications, such as heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women with diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the bloodstream and your kidneys aren’t able to remove it correctly.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
In diabetes it is when cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is usually because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body attempts to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Diabetes patients are often thirsty and require to drink plenty of fluids.
Men may also lose weight since their bodies make use of muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar level remains high for long periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage your weight and reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole foods, such as fruits whole grains, vegetables as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You might also be able to reduce the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks often have a lot of sugar which can result in high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may suggest diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in an acceptable range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being controlled by one medicine, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to determine the most appropriate medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.