Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it isn’t able to use the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and avoided or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It is also essential to recognize the signs so you can identify if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting) that alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas stops making enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells absorb and use sugar, which is known as glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies don’t use it properly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels get too high in time. This can lead to problems with your feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also cause damage to your brain and heart arteries.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. This process can last for several months or even years, eventually resulting in an absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activities to maintain their blood sugar within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes the body does not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which can then be utilized to generate energy.
People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition through a healthy diet and exercise. They may also have to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races and ethnic groups and ages as well as genders. Women are at higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience complications, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
One of the first signs of diabetes in women is a rise in thirst and urination, called polydipsia. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the blood, and the kidneys aren’t able get rid of it correctly.
Men with diabetes Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition in which cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This usually happens because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body will then try to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Patients with diabetes typically have a thirsty feeling and must drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as four liters per day.
Men may be able to experience weight loss too as their bodies break down muscle for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce risk factors for heart disease.
You should include whole food items in your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are excellent choices. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may want to limit your intake of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within the normal range. These drugs are often paired with lifestyle changes, like physical activity and diet, to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed on one medication another medicine could be added. Your doctor will help you pick the best medication to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medications such as glucagon-like receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss and are available in tablet and injection forms.