Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it isn’t able to use the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can aid in preventing or reducing the disease. It’s important to be aware of symptoms so you can tell if something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to use it correctly.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it in a proper way.
In both types of diabetes, the blood sugar levels are too high over time. This can lead to problems with your feet, eyes, and kidneys. It could also harm the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. This process can last for months or even years, eventually resulting in the complete absence of insulin.
Type 1 diabetics must take insulin each day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used as energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes must treat their condition with a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races and ethnic groups, ages, and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women suffering from diabetes. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your blood, and your kidneys cannot filter it out.
Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms
In diabetes it is when cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.
Patients with diabetes typically are thirsty and have to drink large quantities of fluids. This can be up to four liters a day.
Men can also lose weight since their bodies make use of muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for long periods of time.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a vital aspect of managing your condition. It can help control blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
Include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products as well as legumes, beans and beans are excellent choices. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You might be advised to limit your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medications are often combined with changes in lifestyle, like diet and physical activity, to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not well controlled with one medication, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will work with you to select the most appropriate medication to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injection forms.