Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease which affects millions of people every year. It occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or when it’s not able to use the insulin it does produce effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and can be prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It’s also crucial to be aware of the symptoms to know the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting) that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and use glucose, also referred to as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin, or their bodies can’t utilize it correctly.
The blood sugar levels increase as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues with the eyes, feet, and kidneys. It can also harm the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. The destruction can take place over several years or even decades, eventually leading to an inability to produce insulin.
Insulin is a requirement for people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also need to take medication to regulate their blood glucose levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races and ethnicities and ages as well as genders. However, women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and loss of vision.
One of the early warning signs of women with diabetes is a rise in thirst and urination, called polydipsia. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood and kidneys are unable to remove it.
Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms
In diabetes it is when cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This usually happens because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This results in elevated blood sugar levels. Your body attempts to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes frequently have a thirsty feeling and must drink large amounts of fluids. It can be as much as 4 liters a day.
Men can also experience weight loss because their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for long periods of time.
Making a balanced diabetes diet is an important part of managing your condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, manage your weight and reduce heart disease risk factors.
You should include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are good choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You may be advised to limit your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are usually high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may suggest diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to help manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not well controlled with one medication, you might need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you to choose the most appropriate medicine for your needs and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They also help with weight loss, and come in both tablets and injections.