Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions each year. It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin that it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the disease. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which impacts the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to properly use it.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and use glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin or aren’t able to use it properly.
The blood sugar levels increase with time in both forms of diabetes. This can cause issues with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. This destruction can occur over months or even years until it leads to the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust food, insulin and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 your body isn’t functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also have to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
It is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities, and genders. Women are more at risk than males.
Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women suffering from diabetes. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your bloodstream and your kidneys are not able to eliminate it.
The signs of diabetes in men
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This can lead to high blood sugar levels. Your body then attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and need to drink lots of fluids.
The men may also lose weight because their bodies make use of muscle for energy rather than fat. This is because their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.
A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
Your diet should consist of plenty of whole food items, including fruits vegetables, whole grains beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may consider limiting your consumption of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are typically packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes like exercising and diet to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed by one medication another medicine could be added. Your doctor will help you choose the best medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.