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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or it isn’t able to use the insulin it does produce effectively.

Exercise, diet and medications can help to prevent or delay the onset of the disease. It is important to know the symptoms, to determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) disease that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas stops producing enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as efficiently as it should.

Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it correctly.

The blood sugar levels rise over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can lead to problems with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. The destruction can take place over months or even years until it eventually leads to an inability to produce insulin.

Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also have to keep track of their blood glucose levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormonal substance that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is used as energy.

People with type 2 diabetes need to treat their diabetes by eating a balanced diet and regular exercise. They also may need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.

Diabetes in women symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races and ethnicities and ages as well as genders. Women are at greater risk than men.

Women with diabetes are more prone to experience complications, including heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.

Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the blood, and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to get rid of it effectively.

Symptoms of diabetes in men

In diabetes the cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is usually due to the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

This results in elevated blood sugar levels. The body tries to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.

Patients with diabetes typically feel thirsty and need to drink large quantities of fluids. This can be up to four liters daily.

Men also may lose weight since their bodies make use of muscles for energy instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels remain high for extended periods.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage your weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.

Include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products, beans, and legumes are good choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.

You might also be able to reduce the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks typically contain a lot of sugar that can cause elevated blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may prescribe diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These drugs are often paired with changes to your lifestyle, such as eating habits and physical activity to help manage diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed by one medication then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will assist you select the right medicine for your preferences and needs.

Newer medications, like sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the chance of developing complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and they come in both tablet and injection forms.