Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that is affecting millions of people each year. It occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin, or fails to utilize the insulin it has effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It is also crucial to understand the symptoms so you can tell whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health condition that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, or fails to use it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it effectively.
The blood sugar levels rise with time in both forms of diabetes. This can lead to issues with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It could also harm your heart arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease which means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. The destruction can happen over several months or even years and eventually lead to the absence of insulin completely.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust food, insulin and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which can then be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers need to treat their condition by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also have to take medications to control their blood glucose levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races, ethnic groups, ages, and genders. However women are at higher risk than males.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to develop complications, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
One early warning sign of diabetes in women is a rise in thirst and urine, a condition known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your blood and kidneys are unable to filter it out.
Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a disease in which cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is typically because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This results in high blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes frequently have a thirsty feeling and must drink large quantities of fluids. This can be up to four liters a day.
Men may also lose weight since their bodies rely on muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.
You should include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are a good choice. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You might consider limiting your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks usually contain lots of sugar in them which can result in high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may suggest diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not well controlled with one medication, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will work with you to choose the most appropriate medication for your needs and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They also help with weight loss, and they are available in tablet and injection forms.