Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when the body fails to make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help prevent or delay the disease. It is also crucial to understand the symptoms to determine if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body turns food into energy. It happens when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin, or fails to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is known as glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin, or their bodies can’t utilize it correctly.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels are excessively high over time. This can cause problems in the feet, eyes, and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. The destruction can take place over months or even years until it leads to the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar levels within the normal range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 the body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormonal substance that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which can then be utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers need to treat their diabetes by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also need to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
It is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities, and genders. However women are at higher risk than males.
Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher likelihood of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women who suffer from diabetes. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and kidneys can’t eliminate it.
Men with diabetes: Symptoms
In diabetes the cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is usually because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This results in elevated blood sugar levels. The body tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Patients with diabetes typically experience thirst and require to drink large quantities of fluids, up to 4 liters a day.
Men also may lose weight as their bodies rely on muscles for energy instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a key element in managing your diabetes. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You might want to limit your intake of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks often have lots of sugar in them that can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may suggest diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically combined with changes in lifestyle, like eating habits and physical activity to help manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not well controlled with one medicine, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will work with you to determine the most appropriate medication to meet your needs and preferences.
The latest medications, including sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss, and they come in both tablet and injection forms.