Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease which affects millions of people every year. It is caused when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or utilize the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It’s also important to be aware of symptoms so you can tell if something is wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas stops making enough insulin, or fails to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin, or their bodies can’t make it in a proper way.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become excessively high over time. This can cause issues with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. This process can last for several months or even years, eventually resulting in the absence of insulin completely.
Type 1 diabetics require insulin every day. They also need to monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes your body may not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also have to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms
It is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. Women are more at risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more prone to experience complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your bloodstream and your kidneys are not able to remove it.
Men with diabetes The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This usually happens because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This leads to high blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes frequently are thirsty and have to drink large quantities of fluids, as much as four liters per day.
The men may also lose weight because their bodies utilize muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar, manage your weight, and lower risk factors for heart disease.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are good choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You may consider limiting your consumption of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are usually packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes-related medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to help manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not well controlled with one medicine, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you to select the most appropriate medication for your specific needs and preferences.
The latest medications, including sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the chance of developing complications. They also help with weight loss and are available in tablet and injection forms.