Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It is caused because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or use the insulin that it produces effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can aid in preventing or reducing the development of the disease. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms to know whether something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition (long-lasting), which impacts the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops making enough insulin or can’t use it as well as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it in a proper way.
In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels become excessively high over time. This can lead to problems in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also damage your heart arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition and means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This process can take months or even years, eventually leading to an inability to produce insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes all day. They also need to monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust the insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body does not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which is then used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms
It is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are at higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to develop complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in the bloodstream and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to get rid of it in a proper manner.
Men with diabetes: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This usually happens because the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This causes high blood sugar levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty and require to drink plenty of fluids.
Men also may lose weight since their bodies utilize muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for extended periods of time.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar levels, reduce your weight and risk factors for heart disease.
You should include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are good choices. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You might need to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks typically contain high levels of sugar that can cause elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes-related medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are usually combined with lifestyle changes, such as physical activity and diet, to help manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well managed on one medication another medicine could be added. Your doctor will assist you select the right medicine to suit your preferences and needs.
Newer medications like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.