Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people each year. It is caused when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or when it can’t use the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help prevent or delay the disease. It is also essential to know the symptoms, to determine whether there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting) that alters the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops making enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to use it in a proper way.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels get too high over time. This can lead to problems with your feet, eyes and kidneys. It could also cause damage to arteries in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. The process of destruction can last for months or years before eventually resulting in an inability to produce insulin.
Type 1 diabetics need to take insulin every day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers must treat their condition by consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise. They might also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races as well as ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. However, women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes are at a greater risk chance of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and vision loss.
One of the first signs of diabetes in women is increased thirst and urination, called polydipsia. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in your blood and your kidneys aren’t able to filter it out properly.
The signs of diabetes in men
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is usually due to the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This leads to elevated blood sugar levels. Your body attempts to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
Patients with diabetes typically experience thirst and require to drink large amounts of fluids. It can be as much as four liters a day.
Men can also experience weight loss since their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for extended periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes is an important part of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage your weight, and lower heart disease risk factors.
Your diet should include plenty of whole foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and low-fat dairy. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may also want to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks often have plenty of sugar that can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes like exercise and diet to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well controlled on one medicine then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will help you determine the most appropriate medicine to suit your preferences and needs.
Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and are available in tablets and injections.