Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that is affecting millions of people each year. It is caused because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help to prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It is also crucial to recognize the signs to determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or aren’t able to use it in a proper way.
In both types of diabetes, the blood sugar levels become excessively high over time. This can cause problems with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. The destruction can happen over several months or even years, eventually resulting in the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also have to keep track of their blood glucose levels and adjust their the insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes the body does not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used to create energy.
People with type 2 diabetes need to treat their diabetes by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also have to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However, women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications compared to men, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and vision loss.
One of the first signs of diabetes in women is increased thirst and urination, called polydipsia. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your blood, and your kidneys cannot filter it out.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
In the case of diabetes the cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This usually happens because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body then tries to lower the level by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty, and they need to drink a lot of fluids.
Men may also shed weight as their bodies rely on muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for prolonged periods of time.
A balanced diet for diabetes is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help manage blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.
You should include whole food items in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are great choices. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You might also want to limit the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks are often packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These medications are typically combined with changes in lifestyle, like exercise and diet to help manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being managed well with one medicine, you may require a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to pick the most appropriate medicine for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the chance of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss, and they come in both tablet and injection forms.