Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it isn’t able to use the insulin it does produce effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and can be prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It’s also important to be aware of the symptoms to know if something is wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin, or fails to use it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it work properly.
In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels get excessively high over time. This can lead to problems in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the arteries in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can occur over months or even years and eventually lead to a complete lack of insulin.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activities to keep their blood sugar levels within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also need to take medications to control their blood glucose levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. However women are at higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.
One of the first signs of women with diabetes is a higher thirst and increased urine, a condition known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your blood and kidneys can’t remove it.
The signs of diabetes in men
In diabetes, cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is usually because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This results in elevated blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are often thirsty, and they have to drink plenty of fluids.
Men may also lose weight since their bodies use muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar level remains high for long periods of time.
A healthy diabetes diet is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar, manage your weight, and lower risk factors for heart disease.
Your diet should include plenty of whole foods, including fruits whole grains, vegetables beans, and low-fat dairy. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may also consider limiting the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks usually contain a lot of sugar in them, which can lead to elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may suggest diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes like eating habits and exercise to help manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being adequately controlled with one medicine, you may require a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to choose the best medicine for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and reduce the risk of complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.