Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people each year. It occurs when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or cannot utilize the insulin it produces effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help to prevent or delay the development of the disease. It is also important to know the symptoms, so you can tell whether you have a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting) that impacts the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or fails to use it correctly.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. People with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t make it work properly.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become excessively high over time. This can cause problems with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It could also harm your heart arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. The destruction can take place over many months or even years until it leads to the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is required by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also need to monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which can then be used to create energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition with a healthy diet and exercise. They also may need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races and ethnic groups and ages as well as genders. Women are at higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women suffering from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the blood, and your kidneys aren’t equipped to eliminate it properly.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
In diabetes the cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This results in high blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently have a thirsty feeling and must drink large amounts of fluids, as much as four liters a day.
Men can also shed weight as their bodies make use of muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for long periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
You should include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products such as beans, legumes, and beans are a good choice. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might need to limit your consumption of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks usually contain lots of sugar in them which can result in high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might recommend diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes, like physical activity and diet, to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar is not being controlled by one medicine, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you to pick the best medicine for your needs and preferences.
Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the risk of complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.