Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people each year. It happens because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or cannot make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It is important to know the symptoms, to determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It happens when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin, or fails to use it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin or cannot use it in a proper way.
The blood sugar levels rise over time in both types of diabetes. This can cause problems in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also damage the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. This process can last for months or even years until it leads to the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust the levels of insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and follow a healthy diet. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood glucose levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnic groups and ages as well as genders. However, women are at a greater risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to develop complications, like heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your bloodstream and kidneys are unable to eliminate it.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This is usually due to the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This causes elevated blood sugar levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty and require to drink a lot of fluids.
Men may also lose weight because their bodies make use of muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for extended periods of time.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is an important part of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.
You should include whole food items in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products, beans, and legumes are a good choice. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might want to limit your intake of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks often have plenty of sugar in them that can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in an acceptable range. These drugs are often paired with changes to your lifestyle, such as physical activity and diet, to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medicine, you may require a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to determine the best medicine for your needs and preferences.
The latest medications, including sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and they come in both tablet and injection forms.