Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions each year. It happens because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or fails to use the insulin that it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the progression of the disease. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell what’s wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or is unable to properly use it.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies cannot use it effectively.
The blood sugar levels increase over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can cause issues with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It may also damage the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. This process can last for months or even years before resulting in an absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust food, insulin and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 your body isn’t using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it is used as energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and follow a healthy diet. They may also need to take medication to manage their blood glucose levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races and ethnicities age, genders, and ages. Women are at greater risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher likelihood of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and kidneys are unable to remove it.
Men with diabetes: Symptoms
In diabetes, cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is usually because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This causes elevated blood sugar levels. The body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People who have diabetes often have a thirsty feeling and must drink large amounts of fluids. It can be as much as four liters a day.
Men also may lose weight since their bodies rely on muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
Making a balanced diabetes diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, manage your weight and reduce the risk of developing heart disease.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products and legumes are excellent choices. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may also be able to reduce the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks are typically high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in normal levels. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes such as exercising and diet to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being adequately controlled with one medication, you might need to take a different medication. Your doctor will work with you to choose the most appropriate medication for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer medications like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, provide kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and come in both tablets and injections.