Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people each year. It happens because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or cannot make use of the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medication. It’s also crucial to be aware of the symptoms to be able to tell the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which impacts the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or isn’t able to use it properly.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or cannot use it in a proper way.
The blood sugar levels rise over time in both types of diabetes. This can lead to issues with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also damage the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, meaning that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The process of destruction can last for many years or months before eventually resulting in a total lack of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and levels of exercise to maintain their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used for energy.
People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition through a healthy diet and exercise. They also may need to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races and ethnicities age, genders, and ages. Women are at higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women suffering from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood and your kidneys aren’t able to eliminate it correctly.
Diabetes in men: Symptoms
In diabetes the cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This leads to high blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People who have diabetes often are thirsty and have to drink large quantities of fluids. This can be up to four liters daily.
Men also may shed weight as their bodies utilize muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diabetes diet can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage your weight and reduce heart disease risk factors.
Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole food items, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and low-fat dairy. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may want to limit your intake of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks often have lots of sugar which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes-related medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These drugs are often paired with lifestyle changes, like diet and physical activity, to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels are not being adequately controlled with one medicine, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to pick the best medication for your needs and preferences.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.