Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions each year. It is caused when the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot make use of the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It is important to recognize the signs so you can tell whether there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition (long-lasting), which alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas stops making enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or aren’t able to utilize it properly.
The blood sugar levels increase over time in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It could also harm the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease which means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The process of destruction can last for many years or months and eventually lead to the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activities to keep their blood sugar within the normal range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it can be utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers must treat their condition through a healthy diet and exercise. They may also have to take medication to regulate their blood glucose levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races, ethnic groups as well as ages and genders. Women are at higher risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher likelihood of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in your blood and your kidneys aren’t able to filter it out effectively.
The signs of diabetes in men
In diabetes it is when cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is usually because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This leads to elevated blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and need to drink lots of fluids.
Men can also lose weight since their bodies rely on muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help control blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.
You should include whole food items in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are great choices. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You may also consider limiting the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks usually contain a lot of sugar in them, which can lead to elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These drugs are often paired with changes to your lifestyle, such as physical activity and diet, to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar is not well controlled with one medication, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will work with you to choose the most appropriate medicine for your needs and preferences.
Newer medications such as glucagon-like receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and they come in both tablet and injection forms.