Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease which affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or fails to use the insulin that it produces effectively.
The good news is that it is curable and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It is important to recognize the signs to determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which alters how your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to use it correctly.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin, or their bodies can’t make it in a proper way.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels become too high over time. This can cause issues with your eyes, feet and kidneys. It can also damage the arteries in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder and means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. The destruction can take place over many months or even years until it leads to the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is a requirement for people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which can then be utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and eat a balanced diet. They may also have to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races and ethnic groups, ages, and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications compared to men, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women suffering from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood, and your kidneys aren’t equipped to filter it out properly.
The signs of diabetes in men
In diabetes it is when cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is usually because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This leads to elevated blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Diabetes patients are often thirsty, and they have to drink lots of fluids.
Men may also lose weight as their bodies rely on muscles for energy instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels remain elevated for long periods.
A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.
Include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products as well as legumes, beans and beans are a good choice. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks typically contain lots of sugar which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These drugs are often paired with lifestyle changes, such as physical activity and diet, to help manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being controlled by one medication, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will guide you to determine the most appropriate medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They also help with weight loss, and they come in both tablet and injection forms.