Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition which affects millions of people every year. It happens when the body fails to produce enough insulin or cannot utilize the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it is curable and treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medication. It is also essential to be aware of symptoms to determine what’s wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells absorb and use sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies cannot use it in a proper way.
The blood sugar levels increase as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. The destruction can take place over many years or months, eventually leading to the total absence of insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races, ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. Women are at greater risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women who suffer from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in your blood and the kidneys aren’t able filter it out effectively.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
In the case of diabetes it is when cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes frequently have a thirsty feeling and must drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as four liters per day.
Men may also experience weight loss because their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy, instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels are high for extended periods.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a key element in managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar, manage your weight, and lower risk factors for heart disease.
Include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are great choices. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may also consider limiting the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks are often high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet to manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed on one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will work with you to select the most appropriate medication for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose COtransporter-2 inhibitors decrease blood sugar levels, provide cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.