Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions each year. It is caused when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or cannot utilize the insulin it has effectively.
Diet, exercise and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the onset of the disease. It is important to understand the symptoms to determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition (long-lasting) that alters the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is known as glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t make it work properly.
The blood sugar levels rise with time in both forms of diabetes. This can lead to issues with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It could also harm the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. The destruction can happen over months or even for years, eventually resulting in the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers must treat their condition by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. Women are at higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream, and your kidneys cannot eliminate it.
Men with diabetes Men: Symptoms
In diabetes the cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is usually due to the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This leads to high blood sugar levels. The body tries to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty, and need to drink a lot of fluids.
Men may also experience weight loss as their bodies break down muscle to make energy instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a vital aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage your weight and reduce heart disease risk factors.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are excellent choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You may also want to limit the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks often have high levels of sugar which can result in high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes like exercising and diet to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being managed well with one medicine, you may require a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to select the best medication for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the risk of complications. They also help with weight loss and are available in tablet and injection forms.