Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease which affects millions of people every year. It happens when the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot utilize the insulin it produces effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the disease. It’s important to be aware of symptoms to determine whether something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin, or fails to use it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and use glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it in a proper way.
The blood sugar levels rise as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It could also cause damage to coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. This process can last for many months or even years and eventually lead to an absence of insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their the insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes your body may not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which can then be utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and eat a balanced diet. They may also need to take medications to control their blood glucose levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnic groups, ages, and genders. However, women are at a higher risk than males.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, like heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women who suffer from diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood, and your kidneys aren’t able to get rid of it in a proper manner.
Men with diabetes Men: Symptoms
In diabetes the cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is usually because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. The body then attempts to lower the level by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty and require to drink lots of fluids.
The men may also lose weight since their bodies utilize muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
Your diet should comprise plenty of whole food items, including fruits, whole grains, vegetables as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might want to limit your intake of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks are typically high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are usually combined with changes in lifestyle, like physical activity and diet, to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well managed by one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will assist you determine the most appropriate medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, provide kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and are available in tablets and injections.