Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or when it isn’t able to use the insulin it does produce effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can help prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It is also crucial to recognize the signs so you can determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or isn’t able to use it correctly.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it properly.
The blood sugar levels increase over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can cause problems in the feet, eyes, and kidneys. It can also damage the arteries in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition which means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can occur over many months or even years before resulting in a complete lack of insulin.
Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which is then used as energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes must treat their condition by eating a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
It is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities and genders. However, women are at a higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, including heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your blood and your kidneys are not able to eliminate it.
Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is typically because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty, and they have to drink lots of fluids.
Men can also experience weight loss since their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy, instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels are elevated for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a vital aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products such as beans, legumes, and beans are great choices. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You may be advised to limit your consumption of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medications are usually combined with lifestyle changes, like diet and physical activity, to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medication, you may require a second medication. Your doctor will work with you to determine the best medicine for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the risk of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.