Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that is affecting millions of people each year. It happens because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or utilize the insulin it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell what’s wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops making enough insulin, or fails to use it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or aren’t able to utilize it properly.
The blood sugar levels rise with time in both forms of diabetes. This can cause issues with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. This destruction can happen over many years or months before eventually resulting in the complete absence of insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activities to keep their blood sugar in an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also need to take medications to control their blood glucose levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races and ethnicities and ages as well as genders. Women are at higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
One of the early signs of women with diabetes is increased thirst and urination, called polydipsia. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and your kidneys are not able to filter it out.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This is typically because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. The body tries to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and need to drink plenty of fluids.
Men can also lose weight as their bodies use muscle for energy rather than fat. This is because their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a vital aspect of managing your condition. It can help control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors for heart disease.
You should include whole food items in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are a good choice. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You might need to limit your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are usually packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in an acceptable range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes such as eating habits and exercise to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well managed by one medication another medicine could be added. Your doctor will assist you determine the most appropriate medicine for your preferences and needs.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the chance of developing complications. They also help with weight loss and come in both tablets and injections.