Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions each year. It occurs when the body fails to make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it is treatable and can be avoided or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms to determine whether something is wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or fails to use it properly.
Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is known as glucose. People with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t make it in a proper way.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels get excessively high over time. This can lead to problems with your feet, eyes, and kidneys. It can also cause damage to your heart arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition and means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. The destruction can take place over months or even years and eventually lead to a complete lack of insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of activity to maintain their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used to create energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition through a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnic groups as well as ages and genders. However, women are at a higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to develop complications, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women suffering from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to eliminate it correctly.
The signs of diabetes in men
In diabetes the cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This usually happens because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes frequently are thirsty and have to drink large amounts of fluids, as much as four liters per day.
Men may also shed weight as their bodies use muscle for energy rather than fat. This is because blood sugar levels remain high for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce risk factors for heart disease.
Include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products as well as legumes, beans and beans are excellent choices. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You might want to limit your intake of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often high in sugar and can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These drugs are often paired with lifestyle changes, like eating habits and physical activity to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well managed by one medication then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will guide you to determine the most appropriate medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, offer cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.