Migraines And Blood Sugar

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or it can’t use the insulin it does have effectively.

The good news is that it can be cured and can be avoided or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It is also essential to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell what’s wrong and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or can’t use it as effectively as it should.

Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it correctly.

The blood sugar levels rise with time in both forms of diabetes. This can cause issues with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease and means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This destruction can happen over several years or even decades, eventually leading to an inability to produce insulin.

People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is used to create energy.

People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition by eating a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.

Signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races and ethnic groups and ages as well as genders. However women are at greater risk than men.

Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to develop complications, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.

Polydipsia is a warning sign for women who suffer from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the blood and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to remove it effectively.

Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms

Diabetes is a condition in which cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is typically because the pancreas produces too little insulin.

This can lead to high blood sugar levels. The body then attempts to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.

Diabetes patients are often thirsty and require to drink a lot of fluids.

Men can be able to experience weight loss too as their bodies break down muscle for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods of time.

Diabetes diet

Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a key element in managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce the risk of developing heart disease.

Your diet should include plenty of whole food items, including fruits whole grains, vegetables as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.

You might be advised to limit your consumption of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often packed with sugar and can cause blood sugar levels to increase.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These drugs are often paired with lifestyle changes, like diet and physical activity, to help manage diabetes.

If your blood sugar is not being adequately controlled with one medicine, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will work with you to select the best medicine to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the chance of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablets and injections.