Mulberry Tea Blood Sugar

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious disease that is affecting millions of people each year. It happens when the body is unable to produce enough insulin, or fails to utilize the insulin it does have effectively.

Exercise, diet and medication can help prevent or delay the disease. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms so you can tell what’s wrong and get treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or isn’t able to use it correctly.

Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin or their bodies don’t utilize it correctly.

In both types of diabetes, the blood sugar levels become too high over time. This can lead to problems with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder and means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can occur over months or even years and eventually lead to a complete lack of insulin.

Insulin is needed by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also must monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used to create energy.

People with type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition with a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.

The signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races as well as ethnic groups as well as ages and genders. Women are at higher risk than men.

Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and loss of vision.

Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women suffering from diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in your blood and the kidneys aren’t able eliminate it correctly.

Symptoms of diabetes in men

In the case of diabetes the cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This usually happens because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.

This causes high blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.

People suffering from diabetes frequently have a thirsty feeling and must drink large amounts of fluids, as much as 4 liters a day.

Men may be able to experience weight loss too as their bodies break down muscle to make energy, instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, manage your weight, and lower the risk of developing heart disease.

Your diet should comprise plenty of whole food items, including fruits whole grains, vegetables beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.

You may consider limiting your consumption of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks usually contain plenty of sugar that can cause elevated blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to help control your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well controlled by one medicine then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will assist you to pick the most appropriate medication for your requirements and preferences.

Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injection forms.