Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when the body fails to produce enough insulin, or fails to utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medication. It is also essential to understand the symptoms so you can determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas stops producing enough insulin or can’t use it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to use it properly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels get too high in time. This can cause problems with the eyes, feet and kidneys. It may also damage your brain and heart arteries.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. The destruction can take place over months or even years, eventually resulting in the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar levels within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body is not using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it is used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They might also need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races and ethnicities, ages, and genders. However women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and loss of vision.
One of the early signs of women suffering from diabetes is increased thirst and urination, called polydipsia. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your blood and kidneys can’t filter it out.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
In diabetes it is when cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and they need to drink plenty of fluids.
Men can also lose weight since their bodies utilize muscle for energy rather than fat. This is because their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods.
A balanced diet for diabetes can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar, control your weight, and reduce heart disease risk factors.
You should include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are great choices. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might also consider limiting the amount of sweetened drinks with sugar you consume. These drinks are typically high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may suggest diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet to help manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed by one medication it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor will work with you to pick the most appropriate medicine for your needs and preferences.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the chance of developing complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.