Normal Blood Sugar Fasting Levels

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body fails to make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.

Exercise, diet and medication can all help in preventing or delaying the development of the disease. It is also essential to understand the symptoms to determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or fails to utilize it in a proper manner.

Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or cannot use it correctly.

The blood sugar levels increase over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can cause problems with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. This process can take several years or even decades before eventually resulting in the complete absence of insulin.

Type 1 diabetics need to take insulin every day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar in an acceptable range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body is not using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is utilized to generate energy.

People suffering from type 2 diabetes need to treat their diabetes by eating a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.

Signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races as well as ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. However, women are at a higher risk than men.

Women with diabetes have a higher likelihood of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and loss of vision.

Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women who suffer from diabetes. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood, and your kidneys cannot remove it.

Men with symptoms of diabetes

In diabetes the cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is usually because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.

This causes elevated blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.

People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and need to drink lots of fluids.

Men may be able to experience weight loss too as their bodies break down muscle to make energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods.

Diabetes diet

Developing a healthy diabetes diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help you manage your blood sugar, manage your weight, and lower heart disease risk factors.

It is important to include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products and legumes are good choices. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.

You may want to limit your intake of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks typically contain lots of sugar in them that can cause high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor may suggest diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes such as exercising and diet to help control your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled by one medicine, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will assist you to pick the most appropriate medicine for your needs and preferences.

Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of developing complications. They also help with weight loss, and are available in tablet and injection forms.