Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when the body does not make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it has effectively.
Diet, exercise and medication can all help in preventing or delaying the disease. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms to know the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to use it correctly.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies cannot use it effectively.
The blood sugar levels rise over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can cause problems with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder which means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This process can last for months or even for years until it leads to the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes all day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their the insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body isn’t using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers need to treat their diabetes by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also need to take medication to regulate their blood glucose levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnic groups as well as ages and genders. Women are more at risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more likely to develop complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.
One of the early signs of diabetes in women is increased thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood and kidneys are unable to filter it out.
Men with diabetes The signs and symptoms
In the case of diabetes, cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This causes elevated blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are often thirsty and require to drink lots of fluids.
Men can also experience weight loss since their bodies break down muscle to make energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain elevated for long periods.
A balanced diet for diabetes is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors for heart disease.
Your diet should include plenty of whole foods, including fruits, whole grains, vegetables beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You may also need to limit the amount of sweetened drinks with sugar you consume. These drinks often have a lot of sugar in them, which can lead to elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may suggest diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in normal levels. These drugs are often paired with changes to your lifestyle, such as physical activity and diet, to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being adequately controlled with one medication, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor can help you select the right medicine for your preferences and needs.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and come in both tablets and injections.