Normal Fasting Blood Sugar Levels

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people each year. It is caused when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or it isn’t able to use the insulin it does produce effectively.

The good news is that it can be treated and avoided or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It is also crucial to know the symptoms, to determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting) that alters the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.

Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it effectively.

In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels become too high over time. This can cause issues with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It could also cause damage to blood vessels in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, meaning that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The destruction can take place over months or even years, eventually resulting in an absence of insulin.

Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar levels within a healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used for energy.

People suffering from type 2 diabetes need to treat their diabetes by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.

Signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are at greater risk than men.

Women with diabetes are more prone to suffer from complications, like heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.

Polydipsia is a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in the blood and your kidneys aren’t able to filter it out properly.

Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms

Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is usually because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.

This can lead to high blood sugar levels. Your body then tries to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.

People with diabetes frequently have a thirsty feeling and must drink large amounts of fluids, as much as four liters a day.

Men may also lose weight as their bodies use muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels are high for extended periods.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar, control your weight, and reduce heart disease risk factors.

Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods like fruits whole grains, vegetables, beans and low-fat dairy. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).

You might be advised to limit your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks usually contain high levels of sugar in them, which can lead to high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor might prescribe diabetes-related medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are usually combined with changes in lifestyle, like eating habits and physical activity to manage diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well controlled on one medicine another medicine could be added. Your doctor will help you choose the best medicine to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medications such as glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits and reduce the risk of complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.