Normal Fasting Blood Sugar Range

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness which affects millions of people every year. It happens when the body does not produce enough insulin or utilize the insulin it produces effectively.

Exercise, diet and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the disease. It is also essential to be aware of symptoms to know what’s wrong and get treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or fails to use it correctly.

Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or their bodies cannot use it in a proper way.

In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels become too high in time. This can cause issues with the eyes, feet, and kidneys. It can also damage the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. This destruction can occur over months or even years and eventually lead to an absence of insulin.

Type 1 diabetics require insulin every day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activity levels to keep their blood sugar levels within an acceptable range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used as energy.

Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They might also need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.

Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However women are at a higher risk than men.

Women with diabetes are more prone to experience complications, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.

Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women with diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in your blood and the kidneys aren’t able remove it effectively.

Diabetes in men: Symptoms

Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This is typically because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

This causes high blood sugar levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.

Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty, and need to drink lots of fluids.

Men can also lose weight because their bodies make use of muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is because their blood sugar levels stay elevated for long periods.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diabetes diet can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help manage blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.

You should include whole food items in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are great choices. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).

You may want to limit your intake of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are typically packed with sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within normal levels. These medications are often combined with lifestyle changes, such as eating habits and physical activity to help manage the condition.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed on one medication it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor will assist you to select the best medication to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the chance of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.