Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that is affecting millions of people each year. It happens when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or it’s not able to use the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can aid in preventing or reducing the disease. It’s also crucial to be aware of the symptoms to know what’s wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to use it properly.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin, or their bodies can’t use it properly.
In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels get too high over time. This can lead to problems with your feet, eyes, and kidneys. It could also cause damage to coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease in which your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This process can last for many months or even years until it leads to the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activities to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it can be utilized to generate energy.
People with type 2 diabetes need to treat their condition through a healthy diet and exercise. They may also need to take medication to regulate their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races and ethnicities and ages as well as genders. However women are at a higher risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to experience complications, like heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in your blood and your kidneys aren’t equipped to remove it effectively.
Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This is usually due to the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This leads to high blood sugar levels. Your body attempts to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
Patients with diabetes typically have a thirsty feeling and must drink large amounts of fluids, up to four liters a day.
Men may also experience weight loss since their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy, instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help regulate blood sugar levels control weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are a good choice. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You might also want to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks usually contain lots of sugar in them, which can lead to elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in normal levels. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes such as exercising and diet to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being controlled by one medication, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will help you pick the best medication to suit your preferences and needs.
The latest medications, including sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the risk of complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.