Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people each year. It is caused because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help prevent or delay the onset of the disease. It is also essential to be aware of symptoms so you can tell if something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin or can’t use it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People with type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t make it work properly.
The blood sugar levels increase as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can lead to problems with your feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also harm the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. This process can take several years or even decades until it eventually leads to the total absence of insulin.
Type 1 diabetics need to take insulin every day. They also must monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their the insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and eat a balanced diet. They may also have to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
It is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are at higher risk than males.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to experience complications, like heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women suffering from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the blood and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to filter it out effectively.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
In diabetes the cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. The body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
People who have diabetes often experience thirst and require to drink large quantities of fluids. This can be up to four liters a day.
Men can also experience weight loss since their bodies break down muscle for energy, instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods.
A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
You should include whole food items in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products as well as legumes, beans and beans are a good choice. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may need to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks usually contain high levels of sugar in them which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being managed well with one medication, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you to select the best medicine for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.