Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It occurs because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin that it does have effectively.
Diet, exercise and medication can help to prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It is also essential to be aware of the signs, so you can determine whether there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. It happens when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or is unable to use it correctly.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin, or their bodies are unable to use it correctly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels get excessively high over time. This can cause issues with your feet, eyes, and kidneys. It can also harm the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease which means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The destruction can take place over several months or even years until it leads to the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it can be utilized to generate energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes must treat their condition through a healthy diet and exercise. They also may need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races and ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. However women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes have a greater likelihood of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood and your kidneys are not able to filter it out.
Diabetes in men: Symptoms
In diabetes, cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is usually because the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.
This results in high blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower the level by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty, and they need to drink a lot of fluids.
Men can also lose weight since their bodies rely on muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for long periods of time.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a key element in managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar, reduce your weight and heart disease risk factors.
You should include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are good choices. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might consider limiting your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes, such as eating habits and exercise to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed on one medication it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor can help you choose the best medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor agonists, peptide-1, and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.