Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people each year. It happens when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or when it’s not able to use the insulin it does produce effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and can be prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It’s also important to be aware of the symptoms to be able to tell if something is wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which alters how your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or fails to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it effectively.
The blood sugar levels rise with time in both forms of diabetes. This can lead to problems in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease, meaning that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. The destruction can happen over months or even for years and eventually lead to a complete lack of insulin.
Type 1 diabetics need to take insulin every day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and levels of exercise to maintain their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes your body may not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
It is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities, and genders. However women are at a greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and vision loss.
One early warning sign of diabetes in women is increased thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood, and your kidneys cannot remove it.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
Diabetes is a condition in which cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This is typically because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently are thirsty and have to drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as four liters a day.
Men also may lose weight because their bodies rely on muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for long periods of time.
Making a balanced diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease risk factors for heart disease.
You should include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are excellent choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might consider limiting your consumption of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often packed with sugar and can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may suggest diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within a normal range. These medications are often combined with lifestyle changes, like eating habits and physical activity to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels are not well controlled with one medication, you may require a second medication. Your doctor can help you determine the most appropriate medicine for your personal preferences and needs.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the chance of developing complications. They also help with weight loss, and are available in tablets and injections.