Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness which affects millions of people every year. It occurs because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or fails to utilize the insulin it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the development of the disease. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms so you can tell if something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or is unable to use it properly.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it in a proper way.
The blood sugar levels increase over time in both types of diabetes. This can lead to issues with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. This destruction can happen over many years or months before eventually resulting in the total absence of insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes the body does not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used to create energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition through a healthy diet and exercise. They might also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races, ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. Women are more at risk than men.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and vision loss.
One of the first signs of women with diabetes is a higher thirst and increased the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your bloodstream and kidneys can’t remove it.
Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition in which cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body will then attempt to lower the level by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and they have to drink lots of fluids.
Men can also lose weight as their bodies utilize muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods.
A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help control blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors for heart diseases.
Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods, such as fruits vegetables, whole grains beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You might want to limit your intake of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks typically contain a lot of sugar in them which can result in high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within a normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes, such as physical activity and diet, to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well controlled by one medicine it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor can help you select the right medicine for your preferences and needs.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, have cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.