Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people each year. It happens when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or it can’t use the insulin it does produce effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the onset of the disease. It is also important to be aware of the signs, so you can tell whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting) that impacts the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it in a proper way.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels become too high over time. This can lead to issues in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It may also cause damage to the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. This destruction can occur over many months or even years, eventually resulting in a complete lack of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar within the normal range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes the body does not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it can be utilized to generate energy.
People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition by consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medication to regulate their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. Women are at greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes are at a greater risk likelihood of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and loss of vision.
One early warning sign of women suffering from diabetes is a rise in thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood, and your kidneys aren’t able to get rid of it correctly.
Symptoms of diabetes in men
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is usually because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body then attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
Diabetes patients are often thirsty, and they have to drink lots of fluids.
Men also may shed weight as their bodies utilize muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods.
Making a balanced diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar, control your weight, and reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
Include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products as well as legumes, beans and beans are excellent choices. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You may also consider limiting the amount of sweetened drinks with sugar you consume. These drinks are often high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically combined with changes to your lifestyle, such as exercise and diet to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well controlled by one medicine, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will assist you pick the best medication for your preferences and needs.
Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits and reduce the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and are available in tablets and injections.