Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions each year. It occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin, or fails to make use of the insulin it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can help to prevent or delay the onset of the disease. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms to determine what’s wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body turns food into energy. It happens when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin, or fails to use it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin, or their bodies can’t make it work properly.
The blood sugar levels rise with time in both forms of diabetes. This can cause problems in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, meaning that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The destruction can happen over several months or even years, eventually resulting in an absence of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day. They also have to keep track of their blood glucose levels and adjust food, insulin and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.
Signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races as well as ethnic groups as well as ages and genders. However women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.
One of the first signs of women with diabetes is a higher thirst and increased the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in your blood and your kidneys aren’t equipped to filter it out properly.
Men with symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes is a condition where cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is typically because the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body attempts to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty and require to drink plenty of fluids.
Men can also shed weight as their bodies use muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels are high for extended periods.
A balanced diet for diabetes can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, manage your weight, and lower heart disease risk factors.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products such as beans, legumes, and beans are excellent choices. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may also consider limiting the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks are usually packed with sugar and can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These medications are typically combined with changes to your lifestyle, such as diet and physical activity, to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar is not being managed well with one medicine, you may require a second medication. Your doctor can help you pick the best medication for your personal preferences and needs.
Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the chance of developing complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.